11 foods to avoid when combating heartburn or acid reflux



High-fat foods may cause heartburn, and this includes incredibly healthy and nutritious foods like avocados, cheese, and nuts.


It is important to note that this applies not only to healthy foods that are high in fat, but also to fried foods and fast food that are eaten outside and are high in fat.




Peppermint is often thought to calm digestive conditions. However, there is some evidence that peppermint might cause heartburn.


One study found that high doses of peppermint were associated with symptoms of acid reflux. Surprisingly, peppermint did not cause the esophageal sphincter to relax.


Citrus juices


Consuming citrus juices might cause heartburn symptoms. For example, in a study of 382 heartburn sufferers, 67% of participants experienced heartburn after consuming orange juice.


In another study of about 400 people suffering from heartburn, 73% experienced heartburn after drinking orange or grapefruit juice.




Chocolate is a common cause of heartburn. And just like foods high in fat, chocolate can relax the esophageal sphincter muscle, and this may allow stomach acid to escape into the esophagus and cause heartburn.



 Spicy foods


Spicy foods are known to cause heartburn.

They often contain a compound called capsaicin, which might slow down the rate of digestion. This means that food stays in the stomach for a longer time, and this is a factor in heartburn.

For example, one study showed that consuming chili peppers slows the rate of digestion. In addition, spicy foods may irritate an already inflamed esophagus, and this exacerbates heartburn symptoms.


 the salt


Consuming table salt or salty foods generally may increase reflux, which is a risk factor for heartburn.

For example, one study found that people who added table salt to their meals were 70% more likely to have reflux than people who had never added salt.




A common cause of heartburn is eating onions, especially fresh onions.




Moderation or excessive alcohol intake can also cause heartburn symptoms, and alcohol can lead to this in a number of ways.

For example, it can relax the esophageal sphincter, which may allow stomach acid to escape into the esophagus and cause heartburn.




Some people may experience heartburn when drinking coffee. Coffee has been shown to help relax the lower esophageal sphincter, and thus can increase the risk of acid reflux and heartburn.

Some studies suggest caffeine is the culprit. However, other studies that looked at the effects of caffeine alone have found that it may not trigger symptoms of acid reflux.


  Soda and soft drinks


Soda and soft drinks are also a common cause of heartburn. Research indicates that these drinks may relax the esophageal sphincter and increase the acidity of the stomach, which are two risk factors for heartburn.


 the milk


People usually take milk to treat heartburn. However, consuming whole milk may cause symptoms, not relieve them.

In fact, research indicates that whole milk may increase gastric acid secretion, which is a risk factor for heartburn.